- 1999: Ph.D. in Patristics, University of Cambridge, Cambridge, England.
- 1989: M.Div. (with honors), Denver Seminary, Denver, Colorado (USA).
- 1986-1988: Study of theology, Erskine Theological Seminary, Due West, South Carolina (USA).
- 1985-1986: Seminary preparation, Furman University, Greenville, South Carolina (USA).
- 1985: A.B. in English literature (summa cum laude), Princeton University, Princeton, New Jersey (USA).
Academic positions and teaching experience
- 2004-: Professor of Historical Theology, ETF
- 2003-2004: Visiting Professor of Historical Theology, ETF
- 2010-: Robert E. Cooley Professor of Early Christianity, Gordon-Conwell Theological Seminary, Charlotte, North Carolina (USA)
- 2006-2010: Professor of Historical Theology, Erskine Theological Seminary, Due West, South Carolina (USA).
- 2002-2007: Associate Professor of Historical Theology and Missions, Erskine Theological Seminary, Due West, South Carolina (USA).
- 1999-2001: Assistant Professor of Church History and Missions, Erskine Theological Seminary, Due West, South Carolina (USA).
- 1996-2002: Adjunct Professor of Theology and consultant to the academic department, Donetsk Christian University, Donetsk, Ukraine.
- 1992-1996: Professor of Systematic Theology and Assistant Academic Dean, Donetsk Christian University, Donetsk, Ukraine.
Academic honors and awards
- Leon McDill Allison Award for Excellence in Teaching, Erskine Theological Seminary, 2005.
- Overseas Research Student Award from the British government for study at Cambridge, 1996-1999.
- Scholarship Award from Denver Seminary for the highest GPA in the M.Div. program, 1989.
- William Fitzhugh Morris Prize from Erskine Theological Seminary for excellence in biblical studies, 1988.
- Class of 1985 Prize from Princeton University for the highest GPA in the English department, 1985.
- The Church to the Rise of Islam: A Global History. Grand Rapids, MI: Zondervan, forthcoming in 2020.
- With Ryan Reeves. The Story of Creeds and Confessions. Grand Rapids, MI: Baker Academic, forthcoming in 2019.
- With Rob Roy McGregor (co-translator). Fulgentius of Ruspe and the Scythian Monks: Correspondence on Christology and Grace. The Fathers of the Church: A New Translation (Patristic Series), 126. Washington, D.C.: Catholic University of America Press, 2013.
- Understanding Language: A Guide for Beginning Students of Greek or Latin. Washington, D.C.: Catholic University of America Press, 2011.
- Life in the Trinity: An Introduction to Theology with the Help of the Church Fathers. Downers Grove, Ill.: IVP, 2009 (This book is also being published in Russian.)
- Grace and Christology in the Early Church. Oxford Early Christian Studies. Oxford: University Press, 2003. (This book has also been published in Russian.)
- Eastern Orthodoxy through Western Eyes. Louisville, Ky.: Westminster John Knox Press, 2002. (This book has also been published in Russian and Romanian.)
Journal Articles and Book Chapters
- “Unknowable or Unknown God? Evangelical Tensions.” In The Book of Acts: Theological-Ecumenical Readings. Washington, D.C.: The Catholic University of America Press, forthcoming.
“Fides Quae Creditur? The Nicene Background to the Reformation.” In Reformation Celebration: The Significance of Scripture, Grace, Faith, and Christ, edited by Gordon Isaac and Eckhard J. Schnabel, 191-203. Peabody, MA: Hendrickson, 2018.
- “Chalcedon, Council of,” “Ephesus, Council of,” and “Nestorius/Nestorianism.” In Evangelical Dictionary of Theology, third edition, 165-166, 275, 584-585. Grand Rapids, MI: Baker Academic, 2017.
- “Cyril of Alexandria.” In the T & T Clark Companion to the Atonement, edited by Adam J. Johnson, 457-460. London: Bloomsbury T & T Clark, 2017.
“Athanasius.” In the T & T Clark Companion to the Doctrine of Sin, edited by Keith Johnson and David Lauber, 165-179. London: Bloomsbury T & T Clark, 2016.
- “The Sardican Paper, Antiochene Politics, and the Council of Alexandria (362): Developing the ‘Faith of Nicaea.’” The Journal of Theological Studies, NS, 66:2 (October 2015), 651-678.
- “Context, Context, Context: Athanasius’ Biblical Interpretation in Contra Arianos.” Perichoresis 12, no. 2 (2014): 119–35.
- “The Synod of Ancyra (358) and the Question of the Son’s Creaturehood.” The Journal of Theological Studies, NS, 64:1 (2013), 111-136.
- “Translating ‘Son of God’: Insights from the Early Church.” St. Francis Magazine 8:6 (December 2012), 749-775.
- “Justification in St. Cyril of Alexandria with some Implications for Ecumenical Dialogue.” Participatio: The Journal of the Thomas F. Torrance Theological Fellowship 4 (2013): 132-155. [This article is being reprinted in T. F. Torrance and Orthodoxy, Wipf & Stock, forthcoming.]
- “Jesus’ Relationship to God, from His Words in John 13-17.” St. Francis Magazine 8:5 (October 2012), 571-592.
- “Eastern Orthodoxy: An Historical-Theological Overview.” Areopagus Journal 12:3 (2012), 8-17.
- “Contemporary Millennial/Tribulational Debates.” In A Case for Historic Premillennialism: An Alternative to “Left Behind” Eschatology, eds. Craig L. Blomberg and Sung Wook Chung, 105–131. Grand Rapids: Baker, 2009.
- “Allies or Merely Friends? John of Antioch and Nestorius in the Christological Controversy.” The Journal of Ecclesiastical History 58.3 (2007): 383-399.
- “The Puzzle of Theodoret’s Christology: A Modest Suggestion.” The Journal of Theological Studies, NS 58.1 (2007): 100-133.
- “Patristic Soteriology: Three Trajectories.” Journal of the Evangelical Theological Society 50.2 (2007): 289-310.
- “Patristic Exegesis and Theology: The Cart and the Horse.” Westminster Theological Journal 69:1 (2007): 1-19.
- “The One Person who is Jesus Christ: The Patristic Perspective.” In Jesus in Trinitarian Perspective: An Introductory Christology, eds. Fred Sanders and Klaus Issler, 80-113. Nashville: Broadman and Holman, 2007.
- “Is the Early Church Relevant to the Scottish Reformation?” Haddington House Journal, Vol. 8, Supplemental Issue, 2006.
- “Eastern Orthodox Mystical Theology.” In Mysticisms East and West: Studies in Mystical Experience, eds. Chris Patridge and Theodore P.C. Gabriel, 146-165. Carlisle, England: Paternoster Press, 2003.
- “John Cassian.” In The Dictionary of Historical Theology, ed. Trevor Hart, 115-116. Grand Rapids: Eerdmans, 2000.
- “Orthodox Supremacy in Russia: Is There a Place for Evangelicalism?” In God in Russia: The Challenge of Freedom, eds. Sharon Linzey and Ken Kaisch, 288-314. Lanham, MA: University Press of America, 1999.
- “Salvation as Theosis: The Teaching of Eastern Orthodoxy.” Themelios 23:2 (1998): 42-54.
Review Articles (selection)
- The Idea of Nicaea in the Early Church Councils, AD 431–451, by M. S. Smith. Journal of Theological Studies 71, no. 1 (2020): 371–73.
- Bevan, George A. The New Judas: The Case of Nestorius in Ecclesiastical Politics, 428-451 CE. Leuven: Peeters, 2016. Reviewed in Horizons: The Journal of the College Theology Society 45:2 (December 2018), 446-447.
- Van Kuiken, E. Jerome. Christ’s Humanity in Current and Ancient Controversy: Fallen or Not? London: Bloomsbury T&T Clark, 2017. Reviewed in The Journal of Theological Studies NS, 69:2 (October 2018), 900-902.
- Baker, Matthew, and Mark Mourchian, eds. What is the Bible? The Patristic Doctrine of Scripture. Minneapolis: Fortress, 2016. Reviewed in Themelios 41:2 (August 2016), 358-360.
- Crawford, Matthew R. Cyril of Alexandria’s Trinitarian Theology of Scripture. Oxford Early Christian Studies. Oxford: University Press, 2014. Reviewed in Church History, forthcoming.
- David Vincent Meconi, S.J. The One Christ: St. Augustine’s Theology of Deification. By David Vincent Meconi. Washington, D.C.: The Catholic University of America Press, 2013. Reviewed in Augustinian Studies 45, no. 1 (2014): 107-9.
- George, Timothy, ed. Evangelicals and Nicene Faith: Reclaiming the Apostolic Witness. Beeson Divinity Studies. Grand Rapids, Mich.: Baker Academic, 2011. Reviewed in International Journal of Systematic Theology 16, no. 2 (2014): 235-7.
- Lössl, Josef. The Early Church: History and Memory. London: T&T Clark, 2010. Reviewed in Scottish Bulletin of Evangelical Theology, forthcoming.
- Schor, Adam M. Theodoret’s People: Social Networks and Religious Conflict in Late Roman Syria. Berkely and Los-Angeles: University of California Pres, 2011. Reviewed in The Catholic Historical Review 98 (2012), 340-341.
- Guroian, Vigen. The Melody of Faith: Theology in an Orthodox Key. Grand Rapids, Mich.” Eerdmans, 2010. Reviewed in Themelios 36:1 (2011).
- Angold, Michael, ed. The Cambridge History of Christianity. Vol. 5: Eastern Christianity. Cambridge: University Press, 2006. Reviewed in Ashland Theological Journal 43 (2011).
- Payton, James R., Jr. Light from the Christian East: An Introduction to the Orthodox Tradition. Downers Grove, Ill.: IVP Academic, 2007 & Letham, Robert. Through Western Eyes: Eastern Orthodoxy: A Reformed Perspective. Fearn, Ross-shire, Great Britain: Mentor, 2007. Reviewed in Religion in Eastern Europe 27.4 (Nov. 2007): 62-68.
- Ferguson, Everett. Church History. Volume One: From Christ to Pre-Reformation. Grand Rapids, Mich.: Zondervan, 2005. Reviewed in Haddington House Journal 9 (2007): 95-9.
- Nassif, Bradley, et al. Three Views on Eastern Orthodoxy and Evangelicalism. Ed. James J. Stamoolis. Counterpoints. Grand Rapids, Mich.: Zondervan, 2004. Reviewed in East-West Church & Ministry Report 13.2 (Spring 2005): 12-13, and in Westminster Theological Journal, 68:1 (Spring 2006): 162-165.
- Garvilyuk, Paul. The Suffering of the Impassible God: The Dialectics of Patristic Thought. Oxford Early Christian Studies. Oxford: University Press, 2004. Reviewed in the The Journal of Ecclesiastical History 56.3 (July 2005).
- Laird, Martin. Gregory of Nyssa and the Grasp of Faith: Union, Knowledge, and Divine Presence. Oxford Early Christian Studies. Oxford: University Press, 2004. Reviewed in Westminster Theological Journal 67.1 (Spring 2005): 184-187.
- Aagaard, Anna Marie, and Peter Bouteneff. Beyond the East-West Divide: The World Council of Churches and “the Orthodox Problem.” Geneva: WCC Publications, 2001. Reviewed in East-West Church & Ministry Report, 12.2 (Spring 2004): 14-15.
- Glanzer, Perry L. The Quest for Russia’s Soul: Evangelicals and Moral Education in Post-Communist Russia. Waco, Tex.: Baylor University Press, 2002. Reviewed in Religion in Eastern Europe 23.5 (Oct. 2003): 51-58.